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Gruntworks History Military

This Week In Military History — April 1st – April 7th

April 1st

On this day in 1945, after suffering the loss of 116 planes and damage to three aircraft carriers, 50,000 U.S. combat troops of the 10th Army, under the command of Lieutenant General Simon B. Buckner Jr., land on the southwest coast of the Japanese island of Okinawa, 350 miles south of Kyushu, the southern main island of Japan.

Product Block - Rommel Sign

April 2nd

On this day in 1941, German Lieutenant General Erwin Rommel, “the Desert Fox,” resumes his advance into Cyrenaica, modern-day Libya, signaling the beginning of what nine days later will become the recapture of Libya by the Axis forces.

April 3rd

On this day in 1942, the Japanese infantry stage a major offensive against Allied troops in Bataan, the peninsula guarding Manila Bay of the Philippine Islands.

April 4th

On this day in 1941, Lieutenant General Erwin Rommel captures the British held town of Benghazi in North Africa.

April 5th

On this day in 1862, Union General George B. McClellan arrives in the vicinity of Yorktown, Virginia and begins to establish a siege of the Confederate forces in the area.

April 6th

On this day in 1862, The Civil War explodes in the west as the armies of Union General Ulysses S. Grant and Confederate General Albert Sidney Johnston collide at Shiloh, near Pittsburgh Landing in Tennessee. The Battle of Shiloh became one of the bloodiest engagements of the war, and the level of violence shocked North and South alike.

1200px-John_Barry_by_Gilbert_Stuart

 

April 7th

On this day in 1776, Navy Captain John Barry, commander of the American warship Lexington, makes the first American naval capture of a British vessel when he takes command of the British warship HMS Edward off the coast of Virginia. The capture of the Edward and its cargo turned Captain Barry into a national hero and boosted the morale of the Continental forces.

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Suggested Reading:

Shiloh and the Western Campaign By O. Edward Cunningham

The Ultimate Battle: Okinawa 1945–The Last Epic Struggle of World War II By Bill Sloan

John Barry: An American Hero in the Age of Sail By Tim McGrath

 

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Jeremy Scott is a 36-year-old military history buff from Houston, Texas. He has been interested in military history since the age of 8 years old. His interests are the Napoleonic era, the American Civil War, and both World wars I and II. He has a deep respect for the “boots on the ground” the common military soldier, and hopes that his humble writings interest those soldiers. If you have a twitter account, you can follow him @UncleBubba80

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